There are several possible etymologies of the word zombie. One of the possible origins is jumbie, which comes from the Carribean term for ghost.
Another possible origin is the word nzambi which in Kongo means ‘spirit of a dead person’.
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the word zombie originates from the word zonbi, used in the Louisiana Creole or the Haitian Creole. According to the Creole culture, a zonbi represents a person who died and was then brought to life without speech or free will.
The followers of Vodou believe that a dead person can be revived by a sorcerer. After being revived, the zombies remain under the control of the sorcerer because they have no will of their own.
Zombi is also another name for a Voodoo snake god.
Terminology of zombies